Learn Development at Frontend Masters. One of the most powerful and convenient CSS Grid features is that, in addition to explicit column sizing, we have the option to repeat-to-fill columns in a Grid, and then auto-place items in them. More specifically, our ability to specify how many columns we want in the grid and then letting the browser handle the responsiveness of those columns for us, showing fewer columns on smaller viewport sizes, and more columns as the screen estate allows for more, without needing to write a single media query to dictate this responsive behavior.
This magical, media-query-less responsiveness is achieved using the repeat function and the auto placement keywords.
To summarize, the repeat function allows you to repeat columns as many times as needed. The 1fr is what tells the browser to distribute the space between the columns so that each column equally gets one fraction of that space. And the grid will, in this example, always have 12 columns regardless of how wide it is. This, as you have probably guessed, is not good enough, as the content will be too squished on smaller viewports.
We can do that using the minmax function. But the way CSS Grid works, this will cause overflow in the row. These keywords tell the browser to handle the column sizing and element wrapping for us, so that the elements will wrap into rows when the width is not large enough to fit them in without any overflow. At first glace of the names, it might seem like auto-fill and auto-fit are opposites.
But in fact, the difference between is quite subtle. Maybe it seems like you are getting extra space at the end of the column with auto-fit. But when and how? In a recent CSS workshop, I summarized the difference between auto-fill and auto-fit as follows:. The newly added columns can and may be empty, but they will still occupy a designated space in the row. This may sound confusing at first, but it makes a lot more sense when you visualize this behavior.
The columns are defined using the repeat function and have a minimum width of px, and a maximum set to 1frso that they would expand and equally share any extra space when it is available. The browser will place and size the columns in the first example using the auto-fill keyword, and it will use auto-fit for the second. Up to a certain point, both auto-fill and auto-fit show identical results. It just so happens that they will give the same result up to a certain viewport width.
The point at which these two keywords start exhibiting different behaviors depends on the number and size of columns defined in grid-template-columnsso it will differ from one example to another. The difference between these two keywords is made apparent when the viewport gets wide enough to fit one or more extra column s that into the row.
At that point, the browser is presented with two ways to handle the situation, and how it handles it largely depends on whether or not there is content to be placed into that extra column. To collapse or not to collapse, that is the question. And that is also the answer. Whether you want it to collapse or not depends on your content, and how you want that content to behave in the context of a responsive design. To visualize the difference between auto-fill and auto-fittake a look at the following screen recording.
Remember that these two rows are identical, and have the exact same of content and column number.
How to Stretch a Background Image to Fit a Web Page
Notice what is happening there? Add as many columns as you can. If you have enough space to add a column, add it. While auto-fill fills the row with as many columns as it can, even if those columns are empty, auto-fit behaves a little differently.
The Grid inspector is a fantastic way to visualize this. Expand them as much as you need to fit the row size. Empty columns must not occupy any space. A useful tip to remember here is that the columns added in both cases whether collapsed or not are not implicit columns — that has specific meaning in the spec.
Props to Rachel Andrew for this tip. The difference between auto-fill and auto-fit for sizing columns is only noticeable when the row is wide enough to fit more columns in it.Learn Development at Frontend Masters.
There are a number of ways to go about putting some text in a container and having it size itself to fill that container.
There are different technologies we can use and different considerations to think about. Let us count the ways. In this case, font-size: You still need a bit of a magic number to get the sizing just right for any particular job:.
Swap the words in FitText around and you got yourself textFit! Big caveat here though: textFit is designed for two-dimensions. TextFill is jQuery-based and requires a width, height, and a configured maximum font size to work. FlowType is kind of designed to work on a whole document of text, resizing it all fluidly at once, with minimum and maxium viewport sizes.
But you can scope it however you want. You also apply a magic number to get things how you want them. Pretty neat trick! Laying out designs on the web with CSS has gotten a lot more powerful in recent years. CSS grid and flexbox are incredibly powerful tools for that, and Frontend Masters has a complete learning course on them from Jen Kramer. PSA: vw is broken, because it measures what is every single time the wrong thing.
Any suggestions on how to fit text vertically? You get better designs and less stress. If you need pixel prefect layout, SVG to the rescue. Where the 12 is the minimum font-size, the 24 is the maximum font-size, the is the min viewport width and the is the max viewport width.
Listed from the repo: non-jQuery FitText from adactio Angular.This property tells the content to fill the container in a variety of ways; such as "preserve that aspect ratio" or "stretch up and take up as much space as possible".
We see that the image is being squeezed to fit the container of x pixels, and its original aspect ratio is destroyed. If we use object-fit: cover; it will cut off the sides of the image, preserving the aspect ratio, and also filling in the space, like this:.
In the following example we do NOT use object-fitso when we resize the browser window, the aspect ratio of the images will be destroyed:.
In the next example, we use object-fit: cover;so when we resize the browser window, the aspect ratio of the images is preserved:. The following example demonstrates all the possible values of the object-fit property:. If you want to report an error, or if you want to make a suggestion, do not hesitate to send us an e-mail:. Margins Margin Collapse. Float Clear Float Examples. Navbar Vertical Navbar Horizontal Navbar.
Property object-fit HOW TO. Your message has been sent to W3Schools. W3Schools is optimized for learning, testing, and training. Examples might be simplified to improve reading and basic understanding. Tutorials, references, and examples are constantly reviewed to avoid errors, but we cannot warrant full correctness of all content.
The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. Can I stretch text in CSS? I don't want the font to be bigger, because that makes it appear bolder than smaller text beside it.
I just want to stretch the text vertically so it's kind of deformed. This would be in one div, and then the normal text beside it would be in another div. How can I do this? Here's an example. TIP: You may need to add margin to your stretched text to prevent text collisions. I'll answer for horizontal stretching of text, since the vertical is the easy part - just use "transform: scaleY ". The question asked for a way to prevent the boldness of the text caused by the stretch and I still haven't given one, BUT the font-weight property has more values than just normal and bold.
I know, you just can't see that, but if you search for the appropriate fontsyou can use the more values. Technically, no. But what you can do is use a font size that is as tall as you would like the stretched font to be, and then condense it horizontally with font-stretch. The only way I can think of for short texts like "MENU" is to put every single letter in a span and justify them in a container afterwards.
Like this:. It is not easy to find a common font-family that supports expanding fonts, but it is easy to find fonts that support condensing, for example:. Always coming back to this page when a designer stretches a font on me. The accepted solution works great, but I frequently run into issues with margins. Would recommend using the transform on the height instead of the width if you're running into issues, was a life safer for me in my current project.
Learn more. Can I stretch text using CSS? Ask Question.The background-size property specifies the size of the background images. There are four different syntaxes you can use with this property: the keyword syntax "auto", "cover" and "contain"the one-value syntax sets the width of the image height becomes "auto"the two-value syntax first value: width of the image, second value: heightand the multiple background syntax separated with comma. Here we have two background images.
We specify the size of the first background image with "contain", and the second background-image with "cover":. If you want to report an error, or if you want to make a suggestion, do not hesitate to send us an e-mail:. Default value: auto Inherited: no Animatable: yes.
Value Description Play it auto Default value. The first value sets the width, the second value sets the height. If only one value is given, the second is set to "auto". Read about inherit. Example Here we have two background images. Example Use different background properties to create a "hero" image:.
Auto-Sizing Columns in CSS Grid: `auto-fill` vs `auto-fit`
All Rights Reserved. Powered by W3. Read about animatable Try it. Sets the width and height of the background image. Read about length units. Sets the width and height of the background image in percent of the parent element. Resize the background image to cover the entire container, even if it has to stretch the image or cut a little bit off one of the edges. Sets this property to its default value.
Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. It looks OK on my big monitor, but when I change to my small monitor the right-most divwhich has an image inside of it, floats outside of the parent div. Does anybody have a solution for that? This should make your parent div expand even though its children have a float property.
IE has a few problems with this, but can be fixed by some padding. Since floated elements do not really have any layout of their own, the outer div just acts like an empty div, not stretching to fit the elements inside of it.
Making the outer div inline-block will essentially make the inner divs take up some actual space in the outer div.
I had a problem when i give overflow:auto; sometimes the outer div may display scrollbar. Learn more. How can I ensure a DIV stretches to fit its contents? Ask Question. Asked 10 years, 9 months ago.
Active 1 year, 5 months ago. Viewed 28k times. Welbog 53k 8 8 gold badges silver badges bronze badges. Please try to put some effort into formatting your code snippets next time. No one likes to have to scroll around because of all the whitespace you've left behind.
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Virat Kadaru Virat Kadaru 2, 4 4 gold badges 20 20 silver badges 26 26 bronze badges. If you have problems with scrollbars, try overflow: hidden instead. You get the same exact behavior, without any possibility of scrollbars. K Nov 23 '16 at I believe that is only the case if you actually specify a width and height for the containing div.How to use CSS object-fit to control your images
If you do not specify one or both, then the container will expand to contain it's children. Perhaps try giving the outer div this css I usually give: overflow:hidden; I had a problem when i give overflow:auto; sometimes the outer div may display scrollbar.
Float the parent div too. This will mean that child elements that are floated won't float out of it.The fit-content CSS function clamps a given size to an available size according to the formula min maximum sizemax minimum sizeargument.
The function can be used as a track size in CSS Grid properties, where the maximum size is defined by max-content and the minimum size by autowhich is calculated similar to auto i. Get the latest and greatest from MDN delivered straight to your inbox. Sign in to enjoy the benefits of an MDN account. The source for this interactive example is stored in a GitHub repository. The compatibility table on this page is generated from structured data. Last modified: Mar 31,by MDN contributors. Related Topics.
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The newsletter is offered in English only at the moment. Sign up now. Sign in with Github Sign in with Google. Defines the function as laid out box size for widthheightmin-widthmin-heightmax-width and max-height.
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